Category Archives: Litigation Developments

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Would the 7th Circuit Have Changed Its FCA Standard but for Peer Pressure?

The Seventh Circuit finally abandoned its “but-for” causation standard for False Claims Act (FCA) damages. The decision comes 25 years after the Seventh Circuit first adopted its controversial standard requiring only a showing that an injury would not have occurred if not for the conduct. The Seventh Circuit has long been the lone outlier among … Continue Reading

Jury Verdict Expands to $298 Million in False Claims Act/FIRREA Case as Court Assesses Treble Damages and Penalties

A federal court in Texas recently entered a massive judgment against a mortgage originator for financial crisis conduct, transforming an already severe $93 million jury verdict into a $298 million punishment, and issuing one of the first judicial opinions regarding how to assess penalties under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 … Continue Reading

Revocation of Consent Under TCPA: Not So Fast

In a recent case under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the TCPA does not permit a consumer to revoke prior consent to be contacted by telephone when that consent was provided, “not gratuitously, but as part of a bargained-for consideration” in a contract. … Continue Reading

Bank Acting as Fiduciary Seeks Reversal of “Unprecedented” Tort Liability

In Jo Ann Howard & Associates, et al. v. National City Bank; PNC Bank, N.A., now pending before the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, a Missouri bank entered into a contractual and statutorily authorized role as trust administrator of “pre-need” funeral services accounts. The accounts were funded by a company called … Continue Reading

Supreme Court Narrows Application of Implied Certification under the False Claims Act and Establishes a Demanding Materiality Standard

The Supreme Court’s decision in Universal Health Services v. United States ex rel. Escobar reframes when falsity may be implied under the False Claims Act (FCA) and raises the bar for materiality under the statute. Though the Court upholds the controversial theory of implied false certification, Escobar limits it to situations where both (1) a claim … Continue Reading

In a Major FIRREA Victory for the Banks, the Second Circuit Overturns $1.27 Billion Jury Verdict

On Monday, the Second Circuit overturned a jury verdict and $1.27 billion penalty against Bank of America imposed under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA), 12 U.S.C. § 1833a. Because the Government failed to demonstrate that Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. (Countrywide) intended at the time of contracting to defraud Fannie … Continue Reading

Leaving Real Estate Investment Trusts in the Cold: How the Americold Case Could Preclude Establishing Diversity Jurisdiction in Federal Court

The Supreme Court’s most recent citizenship opinion, Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., could make removing or keeping a case in federal court based on diversity more difficult for a statutory trust with a proprietary or complex ownership structure. With Americold, the Supreme Court clarified a circuit split regarding the citizenship of statutory trusts. … Continue Reading
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