Category Archives: CFPB

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CFPB Issues Final HMDA Rule Offering Relief to Smaller Institutions and Credit Unions

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued its long-awaited final rule amending the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) on Thursday, October 10. These changes promise to bring some measure of relief to smaller financial institutions and credit unions. Prior to this new rule, the CFPB did not require the collection and reporting of HMDA data … Continue Reading

The NCUA Doubles Amount Credit Unions Can Offer for Payday Alternative Loans

At the September open meeting, the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) voted 2-1 to approve the final rule related to expanding payday alternative loan options (PAL II). Although the NCUA made clear in the final rule that the PAL II does not replace the PAL I, the flexibility of the PAL II will create  new opportunities … Continue Reading

The CFPB (Yes, the CFPB!) Offers New Compliance Tools for Innovation

Companies that offer innovative consumer financial products and services have new tools to help them stay in compliance with federal consumer financial laws. In a refreshing twist from prior policy, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced last week that it had revamped its No-Action Letter Policy and released a Compliance Assistance Sandbox and a … Continue Reading

Lessons from the CFPB’s First Remittance Transfer Rule Consent Order

In 2010, Congress amended the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA) by creating “a comprehensive system of consumer protections for money sent by U.S. consumers to individuals and businesses in foreign countries.” In 2013, the CFPB issued the Remittance Transfer Rule to implement the EFTA’s new requirements and updated its EFTA exam procedures to incorporate the … Continue Reading

CFPB Settles with Freedom Debt Relief

On July 9, 2019, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California entered a stipulated final judgment and order in case number 17-cv-06484, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. Freedom Debt Relief, LLC, et al. Under the stipulated judgment, Freedom Debt Relief, LLC (Freedom Debt Relief is not related to Freedom Mortgage Company) is … Continue Reading

Don’t Let A Natural Disaster Cause Financial Disaster

In light of the potential for future national disasters such as Hurricane Dorian and all the damage that they can cause, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has provided advice on measures to take to secure your financial situation. In recent years we have seen catastrophic damage caused by hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding and landslides, which … Continue Reading

CFPB Extends the Comment Period for Proposed Debt Collection Rule in Response to Consumer Advocate and Industry Requests

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) formally extended the comment period for its proposed debt collection rulemaking on Friday, August 2. Rather than requiring that all comments be submitted by August 19, 2019, anyone interested in submitting a comment now has an extra 30 days to do so. The official comment period for the debt … Continue Reading

Data Modeling Remains Auto Finance Target in CFPB’s Fair Lending Governance

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau made it clear that it will continue to target auto finance lenders as one of its top supervisory and enforcement priorities in the Fair Lending Report of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection , which was released in June 2019.  In addition to adding student loan origination to its watchdog … Continue Reading

Does the New Debt Collection Rule Apply to First-Party Creditors?

Last November, Bradley’s Financial Services Perspectives team predicted that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) then upcoming Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) might cause concern for first-party creditors. By way of background, the statutory scope of the FDCPA does not reach first-party creditors, instead applying only to … Continue Reading

CFPB Quietly and Proactively Acts on Its Revised CID Policy

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) recently announced that it is adopting a new policy regarding Civil Investigative Demands (CIDs). Going forward, Director Kathleen Kraninger has committed to providing more information to the entity or individual that is the recipient of the CID. This will be accomplished through more specific notifications of purpose, which will … Continue Reading

CFPB Requests Information on Remittance Rule

Last week, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau) issued a request for information on its remittance rules, which are located in the Electronic Fund Transfers Act (EFTA). The request primarily seeks information and evidence related to two categories: (1) the temporary exception under the EFTA and (2) the scope of coverage of the remittance … Continue Reading

The New Prepaid Rule is Here. What Now? Bradley to Hold April 23 Webinar

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) new Prepaid Rule went into effect on April 1, 2019. At a high level, the Prepaid Rule amends portions of the Truth in Lending Act and the Electronic Funds Transfer Act by extending a number of credit card-like protections to “prepaid accounts”: pre-acquisition and initial disclosures, change in terms … Continue Reading

Application of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act in Bankruptcy

On October 17, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released its Fall 2018 rulemaking agenda. Among the items on the agenda was the CFPB’s planned issuance – by March 2019 – of a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). The goal of the NPRM is to address … Continue Reading

What to Make of the CFPB’s Enforcement Activity under Director Kraninger; Bradley to Hold March 26 Webinar

Since Kathleen Kraninger was confirmed as the Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) on December 6, 2018, six enforcement actions have been publicly resolved. Those cases have involved various types of defendants, and have covered a broad range of conduct that allegedly violated federal consumer financial law. Individuals, a federally chartered savings association, … Continue Reading

HPA Compliance Is Back in the CFPB’s Crosshairs

On March 12, 2019, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued the Winter 2019 edition of its Supervisory Highlights report, detailing key examination findings that were discovered during the second half of 2018. The report covers a number of product lines, including automobile loan servicing, deposits and remittances, but spends the most time discussing issues uncovered … Continue Reading

CFPB’s Upcoming Debt Collection Proposed Rule: What to Expect on Timing

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) previously indicated in its Fall 2018 Rulemaking Agenda that it intends to issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in the Spring of 2019 regarding debt-collection practices and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). The regulatory agenda also suggests that the proposed rule may be released as soon … Continue Reading

CFPB Guts Major Component of Payday Lending Rule

Today, the CFPB proposed amendments to its Payday, Vehicle Title, and Certain High-Costs Installment Loans Rule. As anticipated, the bureau is proposing to rescind the rule’s requirements that lenders make certain ability-to-repay underwriting determinations before issuing payday, single-payment vehicle title, and longer-term balloon payment loans on the basis that such restrictions would limit consumer access … Continue Reading

CFPB Proposes Reporting and Examination Authority Over Military Lending Act

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on January 17, 2019, asked Congress to grant the bureau clear authority to supervise compliance-related issues for the Military Lending Act. CFPB Director Kathy Kraninger transmitted a legislative proposal to the speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and Vice President Pence in his capacity as president of the U.S. … Continue Reading

CFPB Settles with Payday Lenders for Deceptive Practices

Last week, in CFPB v. NDG Financial Corp. et al., the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) entered into a proposed settlement with several payday lenders and corporate officials based in Canada and Malta. As background, the corporate defendants consisted of a network of affiliated companies, known as the NDG Enterprise, which extended high-cost, short-term payday … Continue Reading

CFPB and New York Enter Into Consent Order over Credit Card Practices

On January 16, 2019, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and the Attorney General for the State of New York announced a consent order with Sterling Jewelers, Inc. (“Sterling”) related to Sterling’s credit card practices. The consent order alleges that Sterling employees indicated they were either checking to see how much credit the consumer would … Continue Reading

Court Stays Compliance Date for BCFP’s Payday Rule

On Tuesday, the small-dollar lending industry received a favorable ruling in Community Financial Services Association of America v. CFPB. A Texas federal court reversed course by staying the August 19, 2019, compliance date for the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection’s (BCFP) rule regarding “Payday, Vehicle Title, and Certain High-Costs Installment Loans.” The court also continued … Continue Reading

First Party Creditors Should Carefully Consider the Upcoming Debt Collection Rules

On October 17, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (BCFP), formerly known as the CFPB, announced that it plans to issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by March 2019. The NPRM will likely have a dramatic impact on collection practices for debt collectors. But, what … Continue Reading

BCFP 50-State Complaint Snapshot Contains Lesson for Debt Collection Industry

Earlier this week, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (BCFP) released a 50-State Complaint Snapshot. Credit reporting, debt collection, and mortgage continued to be the top three categories of complaints both nationwide and in most states. The percentage of consumer reporting complaints did increase by 11 percent from 2016 to 2017 and surpassed debt collection … Continue Reading

BCFP Enters into Consent Order with Small Dollar Lender

On October 24, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (BCFP), formerly known as the CFPB, entered into a Consent Order with Cash Express, LLC. Cash Express is a small dollar lender based in Cookeville, Tennessee, that operates 328 retail lending outlets in Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee, and offers short-term loans and check cashing … Continue Reading
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