Category Archives: State Law Developments

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Safe Streets Alliance v. Hickenlooper Provides Good News, Bad News, and Instructions to the Cannabis Industry and the Financial Institutions Serving It

For years, the “legal” cannabis industry – operating in states that have legalized cannabis under state law despite its long-standing prohibition under federal law – and the financial institutions that serve the industry have closely watched Safe Streets Alliance v. Hickenlooper. In Hickenlooper, Safe Streets Alliance, a “nonprofit organization devoted to reducing crime and illegal … Continue Reading

CalCoPA – Does It Apply to Your Organization?

As discussed in Part 1, the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CalCoPA) is a game-changing privacy act that sets a new bar for consumer privacy rights in the U.S. The primary reason it differs from existing legislation is that it goes beyond merely having to provide assurances or notices and requires organizations to be … Continue Reading

Nevada Courts Provide Additional Guidance on HOA Super Priority Lien Law for Lenders

As we’ve discussed on this blog before, Nevada’s courts remain a battleground for lenders seeking to establish that their security interests were not eliminated by homeowners’ association foreclosure sales under NRS 116. In recent weeks, the Ninth Circuit and Supreme Court of Nevada have issued new opinions providing more guidance to ultimately resolve those issues. … Continue Reading

California Sets the Bar for Privacy with the Passage of The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 – Part I

As most people started to wind down for the July 4th holiday week, California was just ramping up its “as California goes” focus on data privacy. On June 28, 2018, California passed a comprehensive data privacy bill that has been touted as the strictest in the nation. The good news first—businesses have until January 1, … Continue Reading

Providing Banking Services to the Legal Marijuana Industry: Mitigating Risks to Maximize Potential Rewards

Since 1996, when California became the first state to legalize marijuana (at the time, for medicinal purposes only), 28 additional states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana to some extent. Public support for legalization continues to rise as more and more jurisdictions loosen their marijuana laws, with 64 percent of Americans in favor … Continue Reading

2017 in Review: Three State Enforcement Trends Impacting the Auto Finance Industry

Auto lenders, like many private citizens, began 2017 curious as to what change the impending Trump administration would bring. In the landscape of government enforcement, however, the consensus amongst industry participants was that the Trump administration would bring loosened regulation for the consumer finance industry. Many industry insiders mused about the potential sea change that … Continue Reading

Big Win for Servicers and Lenders of Fannie and Freddie Owned Loans against Nevada HOA Foreclosures

Today, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a significant decision in favor of lenders and mortgage servicers fighting off claims that their mortgage liens were extinguished by Nevada homeowners associations’ foreclosures from 2010 to 2014. In Berezovsky v. Moniz, the court held that the Federal Foreclosure Bar found in the Housing … Continue Reading

Oregon Regulates Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Originators and Servicers in New Law

Oregon’s legislature continues to add state level regulations to the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (“HECM,” more commonly known as a reverse mortgage) marketplace. In 2015, the state imposed a series of content and presentation requirements on any “advertisement, solicitation, or communication” HECM lenders used to induce potential borrowers to apply for a HECM loan. When … Continue Reading

Nevada HOA Super-Priority Litigation Update: Nevada Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Lenders on Standing Issue

The Government-Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs) and their servicers scored a significant victory last week in the Nevada Supreme Court. In Nationstar Mortgage, LLC v. SFR Investments Pool 1, LLC (Case No. 69400), the court held that mortgage servicers have standing to assert, on behalf of the GSE investor, that the Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA) … Continue Reading

Servicers Beware: Courts Rule Non-Parties Cannot Invoke Jury Trial Waiver

In Florida, courts routinely enforce jury trial waiver provisions found in loan agreements, which are generally valid and enforceable. This is true even with respect to fair debt actions. However, because there is generally a fundamental right to a jury trial, waivers of this right are strictly construed. As such, federal courts in Florida have … Continue Reading

No Free Houses—Florida Supreme Court Approves Fifth DCA’s Bartram Decision and Extension of Singleton v. Greymar

The mortgage industry scored a significant victory last week when the Florida Supreme Court released its decision in Bartram v. U.S. Bank, N.A. broadly approving of the approach taken by the Fifth District Court of Appeal and other courts in addressing the application of the statute of limitations in the context of an action for … Continue Reading

UPDATE: Ninth Circuit Denies Rehearing of Bourne Valley Decision Holding Nevada HOA Super-Priority Lien Statute Unconstitutional

The Ninth Circuit denied the plaintiff’s request to rehear Bourne Valley Court Trust v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., in which the Ninth Circuit found NRS 116 to be unconstitutional on its face because the statute violates a first lien holder’s due process rights by impermissibly shifting the burden to mortgage lenders to affirmatively request notice … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Denies Motion to Dismiss and Motion to Stay Publication of Decision Holding Nevada HOA Super-Priority Lien Statute Facially Unconstitutional

As we have previously covered in a series of blog posts, the Nevada Supreme Court held in September 2014 that Nevada Revised Statute chapter 116 allows homeowners’ associations (HOAs) to non-judicially foreclose on homeowners who have overdue assessments, which may extinguish a first lien holder’s deed of trust. That holding, as well as the confusion … Continue Reading

Same Verse, Different Chapter: The Statute of Limitations Saga Continues in Florida

The Second District Court of Appeals joins the Third District in affirming a final judgment of foreclosure in favor of the bank in an action based on a breach date that falls outside the five-year statute of limitations under Florida Statute 95.11(2)(c), beginning the second chapter of the statute of limitations saga. The Second District … Continue Reading

The Ninth Circuit Weighs In: Nevada HOA Super-Priority Lien Statute is Facially Unconstitutional

The tide may finally be turning in Nevada.  Since the Nevada Supreme Court dealt a devastating blow to the whole of the financial services industry in September 2014 by holding that an HOA could foreclose on its super-priority lien and thereby extinguish a first deed of trust, first lien holders have been battling to protect … Continue Reading

Nevada Supreme Court Strikes Significant Blow Against HOA Super-Priority Foreclosure-Sale Purchasers

In September 2014, the Nevada Supreme Court held that an HOA could foreclose on its nominal super-priority lien and extinguish a senior mortgage in SFR Investments Pool 1, LLC v. U.S. Bank, N.A., a ruling that initially seemed cataclysmic to the mortgage industry. SFR Investments spawned thousands of contentious quiet-title actions, each pitting the senior … Continue Reading

Rhode Island Joins Lists of True Super-Priority Lien States for Condo Associations

In December 2015, the Rhode Island Supreme Court issued an opinion holding that Rhode Island’s Uniform Condominium Act provides a true “super-priority” lien to condominium owner associations (COAs) when a condominium owner is delinquent in paying the COA assessments. This super-priority lien—applicable to condo association liens only—takes priority over a lender’s first security interest in … Continue Reading

Be Prepared: How to Avoid the Super-Priority Trap

Benjamin Franklin once said, “By failing to prepare, you prepare to fail.” Servicers can face significant obstacles in preservation of their rights vis a vis assessments by homeowners’ associations and condo associations (a “property association”). The most important action servicers can take in addressing this issue, not surprisingly, is foresight and preparation by putting procedures … Continue Reading

Nevada Supreme Court Clarifies Limits to its SFR Investments Decision

In September 2014, the Nevada Supreme Court, in SFR Investments Pool 1, LLC v. U.S. Bank, N.A., held that a portion of a homeowners’ association (HOA) lien for delinquent assessments has true super-priority status over a first deed of trust, meaning that the foreclosure of that lien could extinguish the first deed of trust. Since … Continue Reading

Recovery of Real Property in South Carolina After a Tax Sale

Acme Bank has a problem. Acme loaned $480,000 for the purchase of a beach house on Sullivan’s Island, South Carolina, securing the debt with a recorded mortgage. Six months ago, the bank received a letter from the county tax collector, which unfortunately was overlooked after being routed to the wrong department. Today, Acme was served with a lawsuit … Continue Reading

Florida Appellate Court Bolsters Statutory HOA Safe Harbor

A significant opinion from the Florida Third District Court of Appeal further clarifies the extent of the Florida statutory homeowners association (HOA) “safe harbor.” In the end, entities that obtain title through judicial foreclosures are left satisfied while homeowners associations are left reeling from another nail in the safe harbor coffin. The Florida safe harbor … Continue Reading

California Supreme Court Weighs in on Standing

The California Supreme Court recently held that borrowers may have standing to challenge an assignment of a deed of trust in a wrongful foreclosure action where they assert that the assignment is void. The decision likely gives defaulted homeowners new avenues to defend against foreclosures and gives lenders more reason to closely scrutinize assignments, especially … Continue Reading

Indiana Court Weighs in on Deficiency Judgments

The Indiana Court of Appeals recently held that creditors must move for an in personam remedy in the original foreclosure judgment or forfeit their right to collect deficiency funds. In Elliott v. Dyck O’Neal, the bank foreclosed upon a borrower’s residence, and sought judgment against the borrowers for the full amount of the outstanding balance … Continue Reading
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